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Simulation of an aortic valve and its stent - Fluid structure interaction with ANSYS

Simulation on demand for ADMEDES Schuessler

Simulation of an aortic valve and its stent - Fluid structure interaction with ANSYS

Task

The company ADMEDES Schuessler is a leading global provider of finished Nitinol self expandable implants (Fig. 2). In order to maintain a cutting edge knowledge about the interaction between stents and pericardium valve during a blood pulse, a modeling procedure had to be developed in order to take into account fluid and structure transient interactions and their effects on working conditions, integrity and lifetime of the device.

Solution

A process was developed using the ANSYS Multiphysics platform. Starting from an expanded stent (Fig. 1a), a first structural analysis delivered its stress and deformation state after crimping and positioning against the aorta wall (Fig. 1b). The pre-stressed structure was then connected to the pericardium valve leaflets (Fig. 1c). During a transient fluid structure interaction analysis stent and aorta wall were then taken into account and the pressure forces transferred from blood to valve leaflets (Fig. 1d). The evolution of stresses in the Nitinol were obtained over a complete systolic blood pulse (Fig. 3).
The pericardium anisotropic material properties were considered as well as a shape memory alloy material model for Nitinol and a non-Newtonian viscosity model for blood.

Customer Benefit

This pilot project delivered:
  • unprecedented insights on the evolution of forces and stresses during a systolic pulse,
  • a proof of stent stability and robustness under the simulated conditions,
  • in depth information not accessible with experimental measurements,
  • a customized modeling process ready for the prediction of stent stability and lifetime under miscellaneous working conditions.


Anwendungsfall_AdMedes_Stent_2014.pdf

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